Stephen B. Benisch, Esq.

American History:

  • Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)
  • Constitution (1789)
  • Bill of Rights (1789)
  • President George Washington’s Farewell Address (September 19, 1796)
  • Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
  • Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1856)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 ((1896)
  • “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof”  [Constitution, Amendment XVII, 1913]
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 349 U.S. 294 (1955)
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Farewell Address (January 17, 1961)
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
  • Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964)
  • On May 4, 1970, the Ohio National Guard marched in uniform, with bayonets affixed to their rifles, onto the campus of Kent State University.  Unarmed children were in an open courtyard participating in a peaceful protest against the Vietnam War.  Other unarmed children happened to be on campus near the protest.  While under no threat from any of the children, the Guardsmen shot and killed Allison Krause from 330 feet, Jeffrey Miller from 270 feet, Sandra Scheuer from 390 feet, and William Schroeder from 390 feet.  Nine children survived being wounded by the more than 60 bullets that the Guardsmen fired in 13 seconds.  Nobody was convicted of anything.
  • On October 12, 1973, during the Watergate Scandal, as the possibility of President Nixon being impeached and/or convicted for criminal behavior was increasing, President Nixon nominated Congressman Ford to be Vice President. During his Senate Confirmation Hearing, Nominee Ford was questioned whether he would give a Presidential Pardon to President Nixon; he answered “I don’t think the American people would stand for it”. On August 8, 1974, President Nixon resigned. On August 9, 1974, Nominee Ford became President Ford. On September 8, 1974, President Ford gave a Presidential Pardon to former President Nixon.
  • Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000)
  • Authorization for Use of Military Force against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (October 16, 2002)
  • In November 2008, We the People gave Barak Obama our precious votes for President in return for his promises: (1) On December 15, 2005 he promised “We don’t have to settle for a Patriot Act that sacrifices our liberties or our safety — we can have one that secures both.”; (2) On December 20, 2007 he promised “The President does not have power under the Constitution to unilaterally authorize a military attack in a situation that does not involve stopping an actual or imminent threat to the nation.”; (3) On May 19, 2008 he promised “Yes” in answer to the question “When the Congress offers you a Bill, do you promise not to use Presidential Signings to get your way?”; and (4) On November 16, 2008 he promised “I have said repeatedly that I intend to close Guantanamo.  I will follow through on that.  I’ve said repeatedly that America doesn’t torture, and I’m gonna make sure that we don’t torture.  Those are part and parcel of an effort to regain America’s moral stature in the world.”
  • Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310 (2010)
  • In a Fourth Amendment lawsuit against the Barak Obama Administration, the Court said: “I cannot imagine a more ‘indiscriminate’ and ‘arbitrary invasion’ than this systematic and hightech collection and retention of personal data on virtually every single citizen for purposes of querying and analyzing it without prior judicial approval.  Surely, such a program infringes on ‘that degree of privacy’ that the Founders enshrined in the Fourth Amendment.  Indeed, I have little doubt that the author of our Constitution, James Madison, who cautioned us to beware ‘the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power,’ would be aghast.”  [U. S. District Judge Richard J. Leon, Klayman v. Obama, U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia, Civil Action No. 13-0851, December 16, 2013]
  • On January 3, 2017, the new Senate Minority Leader (Chuck Schumer) said President-elect Donald J. Trump was “being really dumb” by challenging the intelligence community. Chuck Schumer explained: “Let me tell you, you take on the intelligence community, they have six ways from Sunday at getting back at you … So even for a practical, supposedly hard-nosed businessman, he’s being really dumb to do this.”
  • On January 20, 2017 at 12:00 PM, President Donald J. Trump was inaugurated. On January 20, 2017 at 12:27 PM, “The Washington Post” published the following front page headline on its website: “The campaign to impeach President Trump has begun”.
  • The Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi) invited President Donald J. Trump to deliver the constitutionally-mandated State Of The Union Address in the House Chamber on February 4, 2020. The Speaker sat behind President Donald J. Trump’s back, and, on camera, physically shredded the document as he delivered his Address.
  • In February 2020, the Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi) declared that President Donald J. Trump is an “illegitimate” President.
  • “this Court is partly to blame for the breakdown in the appellate process.”  [Supreme Court Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Wolf v. Cook County Illinois, 589 U.S. _____ (2020), February 21, 2020]
  • On March 4, 2020, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer led a protest outside the Supreme Court, demanding the Supreme Court rule as he wanted in a particular action: “You have released the whirlwind, and you will pay the price. You will not know what hit you if you go forward with these awful decisions.”
  • On May 25, 2020, George Floyd died, while a Minneapolis police officer held his knee on Floyd’s neck as Floyd said “I can’t breathe”. Almost a year of peaceful and violent protests throughout America followed. Protestors murdered and assaulted police officers and citizens, burned police stations, burned and looted private business, and hurled Molotov cocktails and other explosives. Protestors took possession and control of municipal territory and declared it to be free of the law, without objection by mayors or governors. Mayors instructed police departments to refrain from enforcing the law against the violent protestors, mayors defunded the police, and mayors permitted the protestors to violate all face mask and social distancing rules designed to protect America from the coronavirus pandemic that killed half a million Americans.
  • On November 3, 2020, the Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi) declared that United States Supreme Court Associate Justice Amy Coney Barrett is “an illegitimate Supreme Court Justice”.
  • On January 29, 2021, Judge James Boasberg (nominated by President Barak Obama) sentenced Kevin Clinesmith (an FBI lawyer). Kevin Clinesmith had pleaded guilty to falsifying evidence used by the FBI to deceive a FISA Court, so the Barak Obama Administration could use the Patriot Act to get permission to unconstitutionally wiretap Donald J. Trump and his 2016 presidential campaign. The sentence did not include incarceration.
  • In January 2021, a 7-foot-high razor-wire-topped metal fence and 25,000 armed National Guardsmen were deployed around the Capitol (home of the House of Representatives) for months. The Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi) said the deployment was a necessary defense, to protect Congress against violent Americans.
  • In March 2021, Columbia University announced that it will have Graduation Celebrations for the Class of 2021 that are divided by culture, race, gender, and wealth.
  • “Two of the three most influential papers (at least historically), The New York Times and The Washington Post, are virtually Democratic Party broadsheets.”  [Senior Circuit Judge Laurence Silberman, Tah v. Global Witness, Case No. 19-7132, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, March 19, 2021]
  • On April 9, 2021, President Joe Biden signed an Executive Order that created a commission to re-imagine “the role and operation of the Supreme Court in our constitutional system”.
  • On June 18, 2021, Catholic Congressman Ted Lieu tweeted to the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: “I’m Catholic and I support: Contraception, A woman’s right to choose, Treatments for infertility, The right for people to get a divorce, The right of same sex marriage. Next time I go to Church, I dare you to deny me Communion.”
  • “What is tragic here is that the Court has (yet again) rewritten — in order to weaken — a statute that stands as a monument to America’s greatness, and protects against its basest impulses. What is tragic is that the Court has damaged a statute designed to bring about ‘the end of discrimination in voting.’”  [Supreme Court Associate Justice Elena Kagan, Brnovich v. Democratic National Committee, 594 U. S. _____ (2021), July 1, 2021]
  • On December 15, 2021, Senator Elizabeth Warren said the Supreme Court is “a court that, over time, is taking out the basic notion of the rule of law.”
  • On January 11, 2022, President Joe Biden declared “Sadly, the United States Senate, designed to be the world’s greatest deliberative body, has been rendered a shell of its former self.”